Armenia - A Very Brief History
- Armenia has an ancient cultural heritage. This is one of the oldest countries in the world. The first Armenian states dates back to 860 BC(Urartu), and the sixth century BC (the Satrapy of Armenia). The Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great, in the first century BC. In the year 301 Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion. It lays claim to the oldest cathedral in the world. Over time, the ancient Armenian kingdom was split into western and eastern sections divided by different empires. this culminated in the rule of the Ottoman and Persian empires, with both parts repeatedly ruled by either of the two over the centuries.
- By the nineteenth century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by the Russian Empire, while most of the western parts of the traditional Armenian homeland remained under Ottoman rule. According to Wikipedia, 'During World War I, 1.5 million Armenians, living in their ancestral lands in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated - the Armenian genocide.
- Eastern Armenia became the First Republic of Armenia after the Russian revolution, but was then subsumed into the Soviet Union. The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991 during the dissolution of the U.S.S.R.
Facts and Factoids
- The total number of Armenians in the world is 10-12 million, whereas the population of Armenia is around 3 million. Many Armenians fled their homeland after the genocide in 1915.
- Armenia is the home of the apricot
- The village of Areni is home to the world's oldest winery. It has produced wine for over six thousand years.
- Armenian cognac is also famous.
- Armenian Lavash bread is on the UN culture list.
- There were lots of storks, their nests on the top of telegraph posts - they're the national bird and they're sacred.
- Armenia is is known as The Land of Stones, as there are a lot of mountains and a lot of stones...
What to See in Armenia?
A scenic overload of mountains and monasteries, accompanied by herby salads and lavash bread. here are my two trip: