Bangladeshi man guiding two oxen pulling a plough in water filled paddy fields

Bangladesh, the Land of Six Seasons - in a Nutshell

Author: Sue
Date: 18th January 2018

Getting into Bangladesh

Entry to Bangladesh was reasonably straightforward. The new visa on entry system was circumnavigated successfully, with only a few interruptions whilst ‘dignitaries’ jumped the line. The airport is more modern than on my last visit. I was in transit to Tibet in 1988 and the lounge then was a hotbed of cleaners whispering ’Do you have any dirty magazines?’ They were also pleading for passengers to buy duty free cigarettes on their behalf. These they ‘swept’ up from the floor with their plastic brooms and dustpans.

I had to fill in a customs form detailing all the air conditioning units, refrigerators and chandeliers I wanted to import. My guide Atik was there to meet me with his sign board. He had crafted it from the back of a photo frame. I’m to have my own minibus and fluffy bearded driver, Ekram, for the whole trip. I’m not sure if this will be an advantage or not yet. Atik is a fussy little man; he’s trying so hard to please.

Is Bangladesh Part of India?

From early times the area that is now Bangladesh was part of the Bengal region of India. It was ruled by the same empires that ruled central India. When the British took control of the region and created their Raj in India (1858–1947), Bangladesh was included.

When the British partitioned India, predominantly Muslim Bangladesh was separated from majority-Hindu India. Some politicians suggested that a unified Bengali state would be the best idea,. but this idea was vetoed by the Indian National Congress, led by the Mahatma Gandhi.

So, in August 1947, the Muslim section of Bengal became a non-contiguous part of the new nation of Pakistan. It was called "East Pakistan", and oddly, separated from the rest of Pakistan by a 1,000-mile stretch of India. West Pakistanis were primarily Punjabi, speaking Pashtun, as opposed to the Bengali speaking East Pakistanis.

Unsurprisingly the division did not work. For 24 years, East Pakistan struggled under financial and political neglect from West Pakistan. Finally, Sheikh Mujibar Rahman declared Bangladeshi independence from Pakistan. The Pakistani Army fought to stop the secession, sending bombers across India. But India sent troops to support the Bangladeshis and on January 11, 1972, Bangladesh became an independent country.

Is Bangladesh a Poor Country?

  • Bangladesh is home to approximately 159,000,000 people, giving this pint sized country the eighth highest population in the world. Bangladesh groans under a population density of about 3,300 per square mile.
  • Poverty is widespread, but Bangladesh has in recent years reduced population growth and improved health and education.
  • More than half of Bangladesh’s population are farmers, but its export earnings come mainly from the garment industry.

Facts and Factoids

  • The Muslim population in Bangladesh was over 146 million in 2011, approximately 90% percent of the country. The Constitution of Bangladesh declares Islam to be the state religion.
  • Bangladesh has six - not four - separate seasons, grismo (summer), barsha (rainy - monsoon), sharat (autumn), hemanto (late autumn -cool), sheet (winter), and bashonto (spring - also known as king).
  • There are approximately 700 rivers flowing through Bangladesh and much of the country is low lying. So, it's very vulnerable to flooding and climate change. Pollution is also a problem. In 2019, the Bangladeshi Supreme Court gave every single one of its rivers legal rights to life after pollution became unmanageable.
  • Cricket is the most popular sport in the country.
  • The Royal Bengal Tiger is Bangladesh’s national animal. It has a roar that can be heard up to three kilometres away and is now an endangered species. It’s unlikely that you will see one. There are around 300–500 tigers in Bangladesh today. The tiger is the logo of the Bangladesh Cricket Board!
  • In Bangladesh, the left hand is considered unclean, so always use your right hand when eating or passing food, drinks – or business cards!

Is Bangladesh Safe to Visit?

There is some gang violence, pick-pocketing and passport stealing. Compared to other Asian countries there is nothing to be alarmed about. However, as I'm only too aware (read my posts) Bangladesh has a high rate of road accidents. 

Where to Visit in Bangladesh?

I visited:

  • Dhaka - the second least liveable city in the world
  • The remote north-east - cold in January but fascinating in its isolation from tourists
  • The south and the Sundarbans - but, as you will read - find out exactly what is included in your trip before going. The UNESCO-protected Sundarbans mangrove forest is the largest in the world, covering 539 square miles. It straddles the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers, on the Bay of Bengal.
  • I didn't go to Cox's Bazaar (at 75 miles this is one of the longest beaches in the world) and Chittagong - it was considered to be off limits, due to civil unrest.

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